Virtual Journal

About IMPOWR Imprints

IMPOWR Imprints Virtual Journal Submission Guidelines

The IMPOWR Imprints Virtual Journal accepts original submissions from authors on an ongoing basis. We publish articles that address legal issues concerning gender equality and women's rights.

Submissions and Queries

Please send your journal articles in MS Word format via email through our “Contact” form. Please include your full contact information with your submission, including your mailing address, which is necessary for use on the publication agreement.

Author Bio

Please include a short biographical note. Include your position, firm/organization and location. If you would like your email address to be shown online, please note this.


Use a writing style that is brisk and straightforward. IMPOWR Imprints is a virtual journal and thus less formal than a law review or other scholarly journal. Authors should comply with the following:

Room for Improvement: Nigeria’s Approach to Trafficking

Meleena M. Bowers
Publication Date: 
Tue, 2012-09-04

Human trafficking is an endemic global problem. Estimates reveal that as many as 27 million people are enslaved worldwide.1 According to the most recent data, human trafficking is a $32 billion industry. It is the third most lucrative criminal enterprise, surpassed only by drugs and arms trafficking.2

  • 1. See U.S. DEP'T OF STATE, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT 7 (2012), available at [hereinafter “2012 TIP REPORT”].
  • 2. See U.S. DEP'T OF STATE, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT 34 (2008), available at, which estimated annual profits generated from human trafficking at $32 billion when taking into account “both the sale of the individual and the value of their exploited labor or services.” The 2008 TIP Report also notes that the International Labor Organization (“ILO”) estimates even higher annual profits for human trafficking at the staggering amount of $217.8 billion.

Additional Files: 

Women and HIV/AIDS: Toward a Jurisprudence of Social and Economic Rights

Anna Carpenter
Publication Date: 
Tue, 2012-08-07

“You talk about ‘Can we decrease the HIV burden in the United States?’ I would say, ‘What can we do to decrease poverty in the United States?’”1

-- Carlos del Rio, chair of global health at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health.

Gender Equality Attempts Through the Decades

Darlene Prescott
Publication Date: 
Wed, 2012-06-06

American women today have more opportunities than many women around the world. We hear this all the time. Then comes the “but.”

American women make less money than men. Wives and mothers are overly burdened with childrearing and domestic chores. The so-called “glass ceiling” is still firmly in place, particularly in the political arena. Those few female political candidates of any party, who are able to garner the required vast sums of money to run for office in this country, also must face sexist remarks from their male counterparts and the influential media. Women’s right to make medical decisions surrounding their reproduction atavistically is becoming more restricted, even to the point of putting women at risk. And it is well entrenched in American jurisprudence that women can be prevented from taking leadership jobs in religious institutions – based solely on their gender.

Impact of Globalization on Women Workers in India

G. Subhalakshmi
Publication Date: 
Wed, 2012-06-06

“Women do two thirds of the world’s work, receive ten percent of world’s income and own one percent of the means of production.”1  This is the present picture of women workers in the era of globalization.  To understand the workplace culture for Indian women, a brief note on women’s empowerment in the present global scenario is highly essential.  In the context of development, women’s leadership and agency in social change have been levers for women’s empowerment within communities.  Women have sought to fight entrenched interests for community benefits, and through their collective strength, have earned a new identity.  Women’s rights around the world are an important indicator to understanding global well-being. 

  • 1. Richard H.Robbins, Global Problems and the culture of Capitalism, Allyn and Bacon, 1999, p.325 (quoting Martha Ward in “A World Full of Women,” p. 221, 1996).

Campaign Finance Laws and Gender Disparity in Elections

Amber Rose Maltbie
Publication Date: 
Thu, 2011-06-02

Money in politics plays a critical role in an election’s integrity and fairness (perceived and real), as well as post-election governmental ethics.1 Political finance – alternatively referred to as campaign or electoral finance – is therefore a crucial aspect to a democracy’s ability to thrive.2 A campaign finance law can improve the ability to elect a representative democracy,’3 thereby improving the overall quality of the electoral process.

Among the public policy goals advanced by electoral financing statutory schemes are increased disclosure of contributions and expenditures to curb against corrupt practices, and spending caps to “even the playing field” by candidates who don’t have personal wealth.4

  • 1. Magnus Öhman et al., Political Finance Regulation: The Global Experience 13 (Magnus Öhman & Hani Zainulbhai eds., Int’l Found. for Electoral Systems 2009).
  • 2. Id.
  • 3. Jarrett Blanc et al., Challenging the Norms and Standards of Election Administration 76 (Int’l Found. for Electoral Systems ed., 2007).
  • 4. Id. at 75-93.

The Role of International Law in Reducing Maternal Mortality

K. Madison Burnett
Publication Date: 
Mon, 2010-10-18

 “Safe motherhood is a human rights issue…The death of a woman during pregnancy or childbirth is not only a health issue but also an issue of social injustice.”

                          World Health Organization et al., “Reduction of Maternal Mortality: A Joint WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF/World Bank Statement” (1999).

The United States Constitution primarily establishes limits on federal power by prohibiting the federal government from regulating certain areas. However, this is not true of the constitutions of many other countries, which may establish affirmative duties of government to provide certain rights and benefits to the country’s citizenry. Similarly, many United Nations (UN) treaties obligate governmental parties to take affirmative steps to protect and promote the rights described within the treaty. This piece will briefly describe how constitutional and international law may be utilized to reduce maternal mortality in critical areas.

What is Maternal Mortality?

Trafficking Across the Globe: A Summary Report on U.S. Policy

Fiona Cox
Publication Date: 
Tue, 2010-08-24

In June 2010, the U.S. Department of State released its tenth annual edition of the Trafficking in Persons Report (the “TIP Report”). The TIP Report is comprehensive; it includes the definition of trafficking, relevant international conventions, country narratives, and individual stories. The TIP Report highlights trafficking in persons as a human rights issue and views this issue as related to fundamental rights of civil liberties.

The TIP Report can be found at

Fact sheet:

Transformational Microfinance: An Anecdotal Reality

Fatima Iqbal
Publication Date: 
Thu, 2010-10-07

I. Introduction

Muhammad Yunus proclaims: “There is no better time for a serious discussion of how the law and lawyers can enable the poor to help themselves’ throughout the world, and especially in the United States.”1 However, in his call to the legal profession, he also questions the ability of highly regulated banks or complex legal contracts to help the poor take care of themselves.2

  • 1. Muhammad Yunus, How Legal Steps Can Help to Pave the Way to Ending Poverty, 35 ABA Hum. Rts. Q. No. 1 (Winter 2008).
  • 2. Yunus, supra note 1, para. 2, Complex Isn’t Always Better, para. 1.